WATER SANITATION – Derek Cooper
Progress has been made in the water and sanitation sector in Peru from 1980 to 2004 they have increased from 30% to 62%. Sanitation has also increased in the rural areas from 9% to 30% from 1985 to 2004. In the 1970’s the cities of Lima, Arequipa, and Trujillo created their own Water and Sanitation Companies. In 1981 the three companies merged to form the SENAPA(National Service of Water and Sewage Supply), however 200 cities were left out of this organization. In 2006 the President Allen Garcia introduced a plan called “Water for Everyone” promising water access to all Peruvians.
•Water Ranking of only 33.8 • Average for that region is 58.8 • Average for that income group is 45.3•
HEALTH OZONE- Karl Dahle
The average for the region is 94.6
The average income is 91.4
They have an EPI of 25%
20% of air pollution (health)
Peru is putting together a group that will monitor the ozone and how it is holding up to the pollutant that mankind I putting in the air. The ozone is doing really well in Peru, but in order to keep it that way people are taking steps that will keep the air clean, and the sky clear. The laboratory is located 160 kms outside of Lima. Where they are free from all the pollutants that mankind makes. This helps to ensure that the readings are accurate and precise.
COSTAL POLLUTION- Jessica Soifua
Peru’s coasts support the world’s largest fishery, and makes up around 10% of the countries area.
Fishing is good here, because there are high numbers of phytoplankton which is the base of most marine food chains.
Less than 1 % of the countries protected areas are coastal areas. So it has been proposed to start reserves, which will start marine protection areas. If successful it should have 45% increase over existing levels of protection by 2015Ex: The Paracas National Reserve.“Pollution was identified by the experts as the top
threat 2 main source industry and urban settlements. The main source of industrial pollution in the country is believed to be the fish mill industry “
The lack of adequate sewage treatment plants results in raw sewage being pumped directly into coastal waters
“Furthermore, run-off associated with mineral mining activities is also present in some areas of the coast.?
have grown to a point where most of the anchovetta are being harvested, leaving reduced amounts for the consumption of marine animals”
conserveonline.org/library/South America Coastal Marine Priorities.pdf